Analysis of Lycopene and Vitamin C Levels of Pomelo Citrus Fruit (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) Red n White Varieties From South Sulawesi

Analysis of Lycopene and Vitamin C Levels of Pomelo Citrus Fruit (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) Red n White Varieties From South Sulawesi

  • Masdiana Tahir Farmasi UMI
  • A. Trihadi Kusuma Universitas Muslim Indonesia Makassar
  • Ekawati Ekawati Universitas Muslim Indonesia Makassar

Abstract

Pomelo citrus (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) is a fruit plant that has many chemical ingredients that are beneficial to health, including lycopene, flavonoids, provitamin A, vitamin C, pectin, carbohydrates, retinol, calcium and phosphorus. Lycopene is a bright red carotenoid pigment, which is found in red fruits as well as vitamin C. The purpose of this study was to determine of lycopene and vitamin C levels in pomelo citrus (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) red and white varieties from Pangkep Regency, South Sulawesi. The method using UV-Vis Spectrophotometry, at a wavelength of 471 nm for lycopene and 494 nm for vitamin C. The results showed that levels of lycopene pomelo citrus red variety was 32,444 mg/kg and white variety 2,801 mg/kg. Levels of Vitamin C in pomelo citrus red variety was 0,721 mg/g and white variety 0,107 mg /g. The content of lycopene and vitamin C of  pomelo citrus red variety is greater than of white variety.

References

Andayani, R., Yovita, L. & Maimunah. (2008). Penentuan Aktivitas Antioksidan, Kadar Fenolat Total Dan Likopen Pada Buah Tomat (Solanum lycopersicum L). Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Farmasi, 13 (1), 31-37.

Bohm, V., Puspitasari-Nienaber, N.L., Ferruzi, M.G., & Schwart, S.J. (2002). Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity of different geometrical isomer of Bcarotene, A-carotene, lycopene and zeaxanthin. J Agric. Food Chem, Jan 2, 50(1), 221-6.

Dewi & Mustika N.H., (2014). Bahan pangan, gizi dan kesehatan. Bandung. Alfabeta.

Febry, B.A., Pujiastuti, N., dan Fajar., 2013. Ilmu Gizi Praktis Kesehatan. Jakarta. Penerbit PT. Graha Ilmu.

Karinda, M., (2013). Perbandingan Hasil Penetapan Kadar Vitamin Mangga Dodol dengan Menggunakan Metode Spektrofotometri UV-Vis dan Iodometri. Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi – UNSRAT, 2 (01), 86-89.

Makfoeld, D., D. W. Marseno, P. Hastuti, S. Anggrahini, S. Raharjo, S. Sastrosuwignyo, Suhardi, S. Martoharsono, S. Hadiwiyanto, & Tranggono. (2002). Kamus Istilah Pangan dan Nutrisi. Yogyakarta. Penerbit Kanisius.

Rao, A. V., Ray, M. R., & Rao, L. G., (2006). Lycopene. Elsevier: Advances in Food And Nutrition Research, 50, 99-164.

Sharma, SK., & Maguer, M. L., (1996). Lycopene in Tomatoes and Tomato Pulp Fractions, Italian Journal of Food Science, 8 (2), 107-113

Sudjarwo & Badriah. 2010. Optimization and Validation of Visible-Spectrofotometric Method For Determination Ascorbic Acid In Jeruk pamelo (Citrus maxima) Fruit, Airlangga University.

Sudjarwo, (2017). Fabrication and Solid State Characterization of Ticagrelor Co-Crystals with Improved Solubility and DissolutionOptimization and Validation of Visible-Spectrophotometry Method For Determination Ascorbic Acid in Jeruk Bali (Citrus maxima) Fruit From Indonesia. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance, 8 (2).

Vijaylakshmi, P., & Radha, R., (2015). An overview: Citrus maxima. The Journal of Phytopharmacology, 4 (5), 263-267.
Published
2018-10-08
How to Cite
TAHIR, Masdiana; KUSUMA, A. Trihadi; EKAWATI, Ekawati. Analysis of Lycopene and Vitamin C Levels of Pomelo Citrus Fruit (Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr) Red n White Varieties From South Sulawesi. JCPS (Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Sciences), [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 125 - 130, oct. 2018. ISSN 2598-2095. Available at: <http://journal.umbjm.ac.id/index.php/jcps/article/view/172>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2018.