The Effectiveness of Outlining in Improving Students' Paragraph Writing Skill

  • Tenny Murtiningsih universitas muhammadiyah banjarmasin



This is classroom action research. The objective of this research is to find out the effectiveness of outlining in improving students’ paragraph writing skill for English Department Students, Teacher Training and Education Faculty, University of Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin. There are 6 students as the respondent of this research. The researcher took them as the respondent when they studied Writing 2 subject. The researcher got the data from the treatment  in 2 cycles that were conducted in this research, the questionnaire that was distributed to the respondents above and also the observation during the cycles.

The descriptive analysis in cycle 1 shows that the mean score  is 71.3333, the minimum score is 63.00, the maximum score is 80.00 and the standard deviation is 5.85377. Meanwhile cycle 2 shows that the mean score is 76.6667, the minimum score is 70.00, the maximum score is 85.00 and the standard deviation is 5.16398. The research result explains that there is significant improvement in students’ paragraph writing skill by using outlining. The student’s paragraph writing skill is improved. Beside that the result of questionare and observation shows that outlining really works to improve students’ paragraph writing skill.


Keywords : improvement, paragraph writing, outlining


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How to Cite
MURTININGSIH, Tenny. The Effectiveness of Outlining in Improving Students' Paragraph Writing Skill. TEFLA Journal (Teaching English as Foreign Language and Applied Linguistic Journal), [S.l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 29-34, may 2019. ISSN 2654-5152. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 june 2021.