Developing the 21st Century Skills in Essay Writing Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Siti Nuridayanti Universitas Nusantara PGRI Kediri
  • Sarah Aqila
  • Diani Nurhajati


In the 21st century, the development of science and technology encourages humans to overcome fast changes. It means that in the era of society 5.0, humans are required to have the ability to solve complex problems, the ability to live together and think critically and creatively.  The role of education influences the quality of the young generation. They must be equipped with 21st-century skills, namely creativity, critical thinking, collaboration, and communication (4Cs). However, the Covid-19 Pandemic change the process of teaching and learning. Teachers have to think over the appropriate teaching strategy to facilitate students developing 4Cs that is through Project Based Learning. This research aims to describe the learning process of the Essay Writing course using Project Based Learning to train the skills of 4Cs in the University of Nusantara PGRI Kediri during the Covid-19 Pandemic. The research used a qualitative approach. Data sources came from the lecturer and the students who took this course. The lecturer assigned the students to write essays with a theme that refers to the problems of social justice in today's society. The class was divided into 5 groups. Each group got a different sub-theme related to social justice in the community. The stages of teaching and learning were selection, planning, development, and presentation. By creating the projects, the students had the experience to develop 21st-century skills.



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How to Cite
NURIDAYANTI, Siti; AQILA, Sarah; NURHAJATI, Diani. Developing the 21st Century Skills in Essay Writing Course during the COVID-19 Pandemic. TEFLA Journal (Teaching English as Foreign Language and Applied Linguistic Journal), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 76-82, feb. 2022. ISSN 2654-5152. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 apr. 2024. doi: