HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP MASYARAKAT DENGAN KEPATUHAN PEMBATASAN FISIK (Physical Distancing) PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 DI PUSKESMAS MUNGKUR AGUNG KELUA

  • Mahfuz Azianoor Puskesmas Mungkur Agung Kelua
  • Bagus Rahmat Santoso FK Universitas Sari Mulia
  • Umi Hanik Fetriyah FK Universitas Sari Mulia

Abstract

Virus corona masih terus menyebar di berbagai belahan dunia, tidak terkecuali di Indonesia, kondisi itu disebabkan perubahan perilaku masyarakat untuk menjalankan protokol kesehatan belum maksimal. Sebagian masyarakat belum menyesuaikan diri dengan era adaptasi kebiasaan baru.  Berdasarkan cara penularan tersebut, maka pencegahan COVID-19 difokuskan pola perilaku masyarakat yang aman salah satunya pembatasan fisik (Physical Distancing). Physical Distancingerupakan tindakan menjaga jarak fisik antar individu. Pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat tentang kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing) di masa pandemi COVID-19 yang baik dapat pencegah penularan Covid-19 di Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat dengan kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing) pada masa pandemi COVID-19 di Puskesmas Mungkur Agung. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey kuantitatif dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik porposionate random sampling. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Desember 2020 sampai Januari 2021 dengan populasi sampel sebayak 94 orang. Instrument penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner. Cara pengolahan dan analisis data menggunakan spss. Hasil penelitian responden memiliki pengetahuan yang baik terhadap kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing) 63,8%, sebesar 34% sangat baik dan baik sebesar 29,8% memiliki sikap terhadap kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing), 71,3% responden patuh terhadap pembatasan fisik (physical distancing). Simpulan penelitian ini adalah sebagian besar responden memiliki pengetahuan yang baik terhadap kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing), Sebagian responden memiliki sikap sangat baik dan baik terhadap kepatuhan pembatasan fisik (physical distancing) dan mayoritas responden patuh terhadap pembatasan fisik (physical distancing), hal ini dapat pencegah penularan COVID-19 di Indonesia.


 


The corona virus continues to spread in various parts of the world, including in Indonesia, this condition is due to changes in people's behavior to implement health protocols that have not been maximized. Some people have not adjusted to the era of adapting to new habits. Based on this mode of transmission, prevention of Covid-19 is focused on safe community behavior patterns, one of which is physical distancing. Physical Distancing is the act of maintaining physical distance between individuals. Public knowledge and attitudes about compliance with physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic can prevent the transmission of Covid-19 in Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between public knowledge and attitudes with compliance with physical distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic at Mungkur Agung Health Center. This study used a quantitative survey method with a cross sectional design. Sampling using porposionate random sampling technique. This research was conducted from December 2020 to January 2021 with a sample population of 94 people. This research instrument using a questionnaire. How to process and analyze data using SPSs. The results of the research of respondents have a good knowledge of compliance with physical distancing (63.8%), 34% are very good and 29.8% have an attitude towards compliance with physical distancing, 71.3% of respondents comply with physical distancing. The conclusion of this study is that most respondents have good knowledge of physical distancing compliance, some respondents have a very good and good attitude towards compliance with physical distancing and the majority of respondents comply with physical distancing, this is can prevent the transmission of COVID-19 in Indonesia.

Published
2021-10-27
How to Cite
AZIANOOR, Mahfuz; SANTOSO, Bagus Rahmat; FETRIYAH, Umi Hanik. HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP MASYARAKAT DENGAN KEPATUHAN PEMBATASAN FISIK (Physical Distancing) PADA MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 DI PUSKESMAS MUNGKUR AGUNG KELUA. CNJ: Caring Nursing Journal, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 42-52, oct. 2021. ISSN 2580-0078. Available at: <https://journal.umbjm.ac.id/index.php/caring-nursing/article/view/696>. Date accessed: 29 nov. 2021.
Section
Articles