HUBUNGAN LAMA PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI PIL DENGAN KEJADIAN DEPRESI

  • Fika Aulia Universitas Muhammadiyah Banjarmasin

Abstract

Depresi dapat disebabkan karena faktor hormonal, misalnya penggunaan kontrasepsi. WHO memperkirakan bahwa depresi akan menjadi penyakit terbesar kedua di dunia pada tahun 2020. Tahun 2017, jumlah akseptor kontrasepsi hormonal di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta sebesar 68.861 akseptor (63%). Kontrasepsi pil memiliki kecenderungan depresi akibat dari efek samping fisik dan psikologis, misalnya gangguan suasana hati. Alasan beberapa wanita menghentikan penggunaan kontrasepsi pil adalah perubahan suasana hati. Depresi  pada ibu akan menghasilkan gejala mental dan fisik yang mempengaruhi kualitas dan produktivitas sehingga dapat berefek buruk pada ibu, anak, dan keluarga. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah diketahuinya hubungan lama penggunaan kontrasepsi pil dengan kejadian depresi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Banguntapan I. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan waktu cross sectional. Teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purposive sampling. Populasi sebanyak 409 akseptor pil. Besar sampel ditentukan dengan tabel kretji diperoleh 196 sampel. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner modifikasi PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionare-9). Analisa data menggunakan chi-square. Hasil didapatkan nilai p= 0,018 dan OR= 2,192 artinya akseptor kontrasepsi pil dengan lama penggunaan >2 tahun memiliki peluang 2,192 kali lebih besar terjadi depresi dibandingkan dengan akseptor pil dengan lama penggunaan ≤2 tahun. Simpulan penelitian didapatkan ada hubungan lama penggunaan kontrasepsi pil dengan kejadian depresi.

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Published
2019-09-27
How to Cite
AULIA, Fika. HUBUNGAN LAMA PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI PIL DENGAN KEJADIAN DEPRESI. Journal of Midwifery and Reproduction, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 29-33, sep. 2019. ISSN 2598-0068. Available at: <https://journal.umbjm.ac.id/index.php/midwiferyandreproduction/article/view/415>. Date accessed: 09 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.35747/jmr.v3i1.415.
Section
Articles